Cranmore Partners CITIES’ Program

CITIES and Cranmore Partners have activated a fund that supports 4 exceptional NYUAD undergraduate students with a demonstrated interest in research and academia, by providing a highly competitive one-year research opportunity in CITIES for the whole academic year 2020-2021, including summer. This program aims to identify from the early stage and then foster academic talent, and to contribute to the development of research in the UAE. It is a unique opportunity for bright students to explore innovative research in the area of Urban Science, with a focus on the UAE and the region, spanning disciplines from Engineering, Computer Science, Sociology, History, and the Arts.

Below are the 4 selected projects:

Artificial intelligence to assist clinical decision-makers in the prescription of antibiotics

Student: Phillip Wang
Professor: Farah Shamout

The excessive use of broad-spectrum antibiotics is a major global health problem since it poses a significant health risk to patients with multiple comorbidities like diabetes and heart disease. Using artificial intelligence (AI), we aim to leverage large-scale electronic health record data to provide guidance for the prescription of antibiotics to diabetic patients, in collaboration with Cleveland Clinic Abu Dhabi. The AI system can support decision-makers in optimizing treatment and resource allocation by processing data collected from patients in real-time. This project has significant implications in improving patient care, and subsequently the overall quality of life in Abu Dhabi and the UAE.

Sustainable Coastal Development Through Blue Engineering

Student: Mariano Alberto Utrera 
Professor: John Burt

Human-built infrastructure such as seawalls, jetties, and breakwaters now make up more than half the length of shorelines of the Arabian Gulf. While primarily built for erosion control, such structures are rapidly colonized by marine organisms and become highly ecologically important – but largely underappreciated – artificial reef habitats. As many of these structures are formed using concrete set in molds, there is an opportunity to use ‘ecological engineering’ approaches to design molds that maximize marine diversity and abundance with no impact to cost or efficacy. The purpose of this transdisciplinary research will be to perform pilot production and field testing of scalable 3D mold designs that could be utilized by the regional and international coastal construction community.

Production of Environmentally-Friendly Alternative to Conventional Cement from Salt Water 

Student: Cornelius Otchere 
Professor: Kemal Celik

Cement is an important constituent of concrete, which is the most widely used construction material globally. Production of cement poses serious concerns to the environment due to the high carbon dioxide (CO2) emission associated with it. Useful minerals from by-products of several industries could provide sustainable alternatives to conventional cement. One such solution is magnesium hydroxide, which can be recovered from the concentrated salt water (waste brine) of the desalination process used in freshwater extraction from seawater. The current practice is discharging waste brine back into the sea, which can harm marine life. This project aims to implement a cost-effective and energy-efficient method to recover magnesium hydroxide from the waste brine. The material will be infused with CO2 to create carbonation products of good binding action and thus could be used as a construction material. The addition of naturally occurring minerals such as CaCO3 will be explored to improve the carbonation rate and formation of stronger carbonation products. The success of the project has a positive implication for the UAE, which has access to a significant amount of waste brine as a result of more than 70 desalination plants in operation there.

Who Reports and Whom Gets Reported for Pandemic-Time Transgressions?

Student: Lucas Davidenco
Professor: Kinga Reka Makovi

During the COVID-19 pandemic, urban dwellers around the world have learned, negotiated, adhered to, and policed their communities on a new set of normative mandates meant to sustain community health: wearing masks, maintaining social distance, and abstaining from gatherings, to mention a few. We aim to research (1) what factors drive compliance with these norms and (2) what factors determine reporting transgressions to the authorities, in both Abu Dhabi and Dubai. We hope to measure the relative importance of the following characteristics (1) the ethnic and occupational composition of neighborhoods, (2) the perceived threat that COVID-19 poses in one’s neighborhood, (3) socio-demographic background, and (4) one’s trust in institutions to enforce regulations.